Skin, if properly cared for, is an organ than makes one appear way younger than their original age. Just like other organs, it’s important to maintain the health of your skin. Because skin is the first thing most people notice about you, and we want to have a good first impression, right? For that, skin care is a must!
Yet, when it comes to skin care, there are just so many products, steps, things to do and not to do that it can be quite easy to get over-whelmed.
But, guess what? Your skin care routine does not have to be a complex 19-step long procedure! On the contrary, research has shown that simpler routines are more effective because they are easier to stick to. Ergo, simplicity beats complexity.
But how to make it simple? How to decide what, amongst a profuse variety of products, should you adopt or disregard?
Backed by several studies, here are three most important elements of a skin care routine.
Skin care step # 1: Cleansing you skin:
The key to skin care? Wash your face! A facial cleanser is the most basic, yet crucial element of your skin care routine. Experts advise to wash your face twice in a day, once in the morning and once at night.
Throughout the day, the dirt, pollutants, and bacteria from the environment make home on the skin of your face, especially if you wear makeup because makeup supplies on you face make it easy for bacteria to get trapped there. The same bacteria may accumulate throughout the night and may result in clogging your pores, therefore it is always recommended to wash your face after you wake up and at the end of the day.
Now for the million-dollar question: how to choose the best cleanser for your face? For that, you should first determine your skin type.
Some people recommend exfoliators for an oily skin, but dermatologists would never suggest exfoliation on a daily basis! Because harsh cleansing takes down your skin’s protective barrier and makes it more prone to allergies and skin diseases.
Instead, for oily or acne-prone skin, a regular foaming liquid would work fine. For a dry or normal skin, a cream, lotion, or balm would be better to add more moisturiser to the skin. However, if you have a sensitive skin, it’s better to get a dermatologist-approved prescription, in any case though, micellar water is a safe choice.
Step # 2: Moisturising your skin:
After cleansing your face, the next step in your skin care routine should always, ALWAYS be applying a moisturiser! It helps maintain the natural barrier of your skin against irritation or infection.
A common myth about moistirisers is that you apply them only when your skin feels dry or taut, but it is only a misperception! It is also believed that people with oily skin do not need moisturiser, but this too is merely a misassumption.
In truth, moisturiser should be a daily part of your skin care routine, but you should choose the type of moisturiser based on your skin type.
For example, for oily skin types, a gel moisturiser works best since it’s water based and absorbs into skin with ease. For a dry or normal skin, a lotion or cream would be perfect, whereas a balm might be more suited for a sensitive skin type.
Some people use hyaluronic acid as a moisturiser, which is THE WRONG WAY to use it. Hyaluronic acid works best as a toner, and moisturiser should still be applied after applying it to your skin.
Step # 3: Protecting your skin:
The final and the most important step of your skin care routine is, you guessed it, SUN BLOCK! Or commonly called sunscreen. As they say, SPF is your BFF!
And indeed it is, your skin is susceptible to the harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun even on cloudy days. These rays are harmful enough to lead to discolouration to the least and skin cancer to the most.
It is recommended to get a sunscreen between SPF 30 and SPF 50, any SPF beyond 50 is no better than a SPF 30.