Was 1965 War Just a Continuation Of 1947-48 War?

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The 1965 war between Pakistan and India was the second war fought between the two countries over the disputed territory of the Jammu and Kashmir region.

The first dispute of that category took place in 1947-48, immediately after both states gained their independence from the British colony, and has not been settled to this day.

The state of Jammu and Kashmir had a Hindu leader but a predominantly Muslim population. It shared borders with both India and Pakistan, so both wanted to hold onto it. The conflict erupted from what initially was just an argument over which nation would incorporate the state after gaining independence.

It eventually led to the first Indo-Pakistan War in 1947. Thankfully, the UN-mediated and the issue was temporarily put to rest.

Nevertheless, other minor border clashes are still pursued between the two states. The most notable one was the Indian intrusion into the Pakistani area of Rann of Kutch in April 1965. That conflict was resolved by a ceasefire proposed by Pakistan and accepted by India.

Events Preceding 1965 War:

However, short clashes like that later proved to be the prelude to the second largest tank battle after World War 2. 1965 war, as per the historians’ claim, was just a continuation of the 1947-48 war.

Pakistan unloaded military troops disguised as Kashmiri locals into the disputed territory in August 1965. India perceived it to be an attempt at the forceful occupation of the state.

Later that year, on 5/6 September 1965, India crossed the international border and attacked Lahore and Kasur fronts, without any formal declaration of war. However, Pakistan’s army was prepared for an unprecedented attack like that. Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force heroically halted the attack in its tracks.

There was no victor of that 1965 war, yet both nations believe themselves to have won the war. In fact, years later, Pakistan celebrates this day as a public holiday called defence day, in honor of those who sacrificed their lives defending the borders of their beloved land.

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Hamna M.
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